White blood cells are the body's best defensive weapons in the fight against germs and disease, so when white blood cell counts drop as a result of illness or some treatments, it puts you in a vulnerable position. Without adequate protection from these disease-fighting cells, viruses and bacteria suddenly become much more serious threats.
There are several types of low blood counts that many Lupus patients suffer from:
1) Anemia - This is a low count of red blood cells and causes fatigue
2) Neutropenia - This is a low count of white blood cells and makes us susceptible to infectionmake
3) Thrombocytopaenia (low platelets) - This makes us susceptible to bleeding
Here is some information about the types of blood count tests and how they are measured:
*A complete blood count, often referred to as a CBC, is a common blood test. A CBC provides detailed information about three types of cells in your blood: red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets. These blood cells are made in the bone marrow, the spongy tissue filling the center of your bones. Bone marrow in the skull, sternum (breast bone), ribs, vertebral column (backbone), and pelvis produces these blood cells.
Each type of blood cell plays an important role in your body’s normal function.
A complete blood count includes five major measurements: 1) White blood cell (WBC) count (White blood cells fight infections). They are measured in thousands per cubic milliliter (K/uL) of blood. A WBC of 4.8 K/uL is 4,800 cells.
2) Red blood cell (RBC) count -Red blood cells carry oxygen to and remove waste products from the body’s tissues. These cells also contain hemoglobin. Red blood cells are measured in millions per cubic mil-limeter (mil/uL) of blood.
3) Hemoglobin (HGB) value -Hemoglobin gives red blood cells their color. Hemoglobin carries oxy-gen from the lungs to the tissues and takes carbon dioxide (the waste prod-ucts) from the tissues to the lungs. From the lungs, carbon dioxide is exhaled. Hemoglobin is measured in grams per deciliter (g/dL) of blood.
4) Hematocrit (HCT) value -The hematocrit is the percentage of red blood cells in relation to your total blood volume.
5) Platelet count -Platelets help to stop bleeding by forming blood clots. They are meas-ured in thousands per cubic millimeter (m/uL) of blood. A platelet count of 200 K/uL is 200,000 cells.
These are the general normal ranges for blood counts:
* WBC (white blood count): 3.3-8.7 K/uL
* RBC (red blood count): 3.93-5.69 M/uL
* HGB (hemoglobin): 12.6-16.1 g/dL
* HCT: 38-47.7% Platelets: 147-347 K/
I hope that this information has been helpful to you. Please let me know if you need anything further!
Peace and Blessings