I do not have IBD, I do suffer from IBS however. What I know about IBD is that it usually
refers to two chronic diseases that cause inflammation of the intestines: ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease. Although the diseases have some features in common, there are some important differences.
Ulcerative colitis is an inflammatory disease of the large intestine, or colon. In ulcerative colitis, the inner lining (mucosa) of the intestine becomes inflamed (red and swollen) and develops ulcers (open, painful wounds). Ulcerative colitis is often the most severe in the rectal area, which can cause frequent diarrhea. Mucus and blood often appear in the stool (feces or poop) if the lining of the colon is damaged.Treating IBD
Crohn's disease differs from ulcerative colitis in the areas of the bowel it involves. It most commonly affects the last part of the small intestine (called the terminal ileum) and parts of the large intestine. However, it isn't limited to these areas and can attack any part of the digestive tract.
Crohn's disease causes inflammation that extends much deeper into the layers of the intestinal wall and generally tends to involve the entire bowel wall, whereas ulcerative colitis affects only the lining of the bowel.
Just as with Lupus, there is no conclusive data regarding the cause of IBD. However, it is an auto-immune disease and, unfortunately, once we get one AI issue, we are at risk of developing others since our immune system is dysfunctional. Like Lupus, IBD's i
nflammation can be triggered in response to an offending agent, like bacteria, a virus, stress, the presences of other AI issues, or a protein in food.
Here is some information that I found regarding the symptoms"
The most common symptoms of both ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease are diarrhea and abdominal pain. Diarrhea can range from mild to severe (as many as 20 or more trips to the bathroom a day). If the diarrhea is extreme, it can lead to dehydration, rapid heartbeat, and a drop in blood pressure. And continued loss of small amounts of blood in the stool can lead to anemia.At times, those with IBD may also be constipated. With Crohn's disease, this can happen as a result of a partial obstruction (called stricture) in the intestines. In ulcerative colitis, constipation may be a symptom of inflammation of the rectum (known as proctitis).The loss of fluid and nutrients from diarrhea and chronic inflammation of the bowel can also cause fever, fatigue, weight loss, and malnutrition. Pain is usually from the abdominal cramping, which is caused by irritation of the nerves and muscles that control intestinal contractions.And IBD can cause other health problems that occur outside the digestive system. Although experts don't understand why, some people with IBD can show signs of inflammation elsewhere in the body, including the joints, eyes, skin, and liver. Skin tags that look like hemorrhoids or abscesses may also develop around the anus."
Here is information that I found regarding treatment:
Drug treatment is the main method for relieving the symptoms of both ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease. Great progress is being made in the development of medications for treating inflammatory bowel disease. The doctor may prescribe:
- anti-inflammatory drugs to decrease the inflammation
- immunosuppressive agents to prevent the immune system from attacking the body's own tissues and causing further inflammation
If symptoms don't respond to either of these medicines, the doctor might suggest surgery. But surgical procedures for ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease are quite different.With Crohn's disease, doctors make every attempt to avoid surgery because of the recurring nature of the disease. There's also a concern that an aggressive surgical approach will cause further complications, such as short bowel syndrome (which involves growth failure and a reduced ability to absorb nutrients).In cases of ulcerative colitis, removal of the colon (large intestine) may be necessary, along with an ileoanal anastomosis (or ileoanal pull-through), a procedure in which the surgeon forms a pouch from the small bowel to collect stool in the pelvis. This allows the stool to pass through the anus.To treat mild Crohn's disease, doctors might use an elemental formula (a formula with very simple and small proteins) for nutrition along with restriction of other foods. This can help prevent a child's exposure to food proteins that could potentially irritate and inflame the intestinal lining."
I do hope that this information has been helpful to you. Please let me know if you need anything further. I wish you the best, I know that suffering with IBS is quite frustrating, so dealing with IBD has to me more so. Take Care.
Peace and Blessings
Look For The Good and Praise It!